Common core standards
- Grade 2 Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.2.6
- Grade 3 Distinguish their own point of view from that of the author of a text CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.6
- Grade 4 Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in focus and the information provided CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.4.6
- Grade 5 Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.5.6
- Grade 6 Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.6.6
- Grade 7 Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author distinguishes his or her position from that of others CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.7.6
- Grade 8 Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how the author acknowledges and responds to conflicting evidence or viewpoints CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.6
- Grade 9-10 Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text and analyze how an author uses rhetoric to advance that point of view or purpose CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6
- Grade 11-12 Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness or beauty of the text CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.11-12.6
Recognizing the author’s purpose in writing is a huge step towards getting students to become critical readers. Most schools teach three types of author’s purposes—to entertain, to inform and to persuade. Some schools teach a fourth type—to instruct. As this concept is most commonly taught in fourth grade, almost all of the activities and links featured here are for third to fourth grade. Please feel free to add more content—especially for other grades!
- EReading Worksheet Author’s Purpose Scavenger Hunt has students search their textbooks for examples of persuasion, entertainment and information. The student has to state how each passage shows that author’s purpose.
- Polk FOCUS Author's Purpose has basically the same elements as all of the worksheets featured. However, on page two, it also has some good questions to ask students to get them on the right track. Here they are:
- "Why did the author write this anyhow?
- What was the reason this piece was written?
- The article was written mainly to…
- Did the author try to make me laugh? (Entertain)
- Did the author want to tell me a story? (Entertain)
- Did the author try to amuse me? (Entertain)
- Did the author give me facts? (Inform)
- Did the author try to teach me something? (Inform)
- Did the author try to convince me? (Persuade)
- Did the author want to change my opinion? (Persuade)
|Oswego Author’s Purpose Match has students match an author’s purpose (entertain, inform, persuade) with the right example statement.|
|FCAT Strategies Author’s Purpose Grade 4 is a practice (read: dry) activity. Students read sentences and decide what the author’s purpose is. The activity also goes into fact and opinion and how to use that to figure out author’s purpose.|
|Harcourt Schools Grade 4 Author’s Purpose has students read a passage, decide the author’s purpose and then choose which extra sentence would fit the passage. It has sound effects.|
|StudyZone ELA 4 Author Purpose is similar. Students read a passage and decide the author’s purpose. A baby smiles if they get the answer right. Authors Purpose Quize is similar, but structured as a quiz.|
|That Quiz Author’s Purpose has students choose the purpose of short statements. Very dry, but definitely quiz-like.|
|WPS AB Longman Author’s Purpose is a 12 question quiz on author’s purpose.|
|EClassroom 4th English Authors Purpose is a basketball game. When a student gets the purpose right, they get to take a shot. The most entertaining of the games—but it does take some time to make the shot so it’s a little less of an efficient practice.|
- Teaching Vision Authors Purpose is a four page handout that starts with explanations of different author’s purposes, moves to having students decide the purpose of various passages, then to having students generate topics for different purposes, and ends with having the students write a persuasive paragraph.
- EReading Worksheet Author’s Purpose 1 is a two page worksheet of one to two sentence passages. After each, the student has to decide what the author’s purpose is.
- EReading Worksheet Author’s Purpose 2 has two more pages of passages.
- Scholastic Judgement Grades 3-4 is a five page worksheet that has students read two different passages. After reading the passage, the students have to identify purpose, fact and opinions statements, and correct some grammatical mistakes.
|YouTube Learning Upgrade Author’s Purpose is a short informative, animated song.|
|SchoolTube Author's Purpose is a nine minute video with a ton of different SuperBowl ads and other media clips showing examples of different author's purposes.|
- EReading Worksheets Author’s Purpose PowerPoint explains three types of author’s purpose and has slides for students to practice figuring out purpose. No pictures, but a really nice flow chart on how to decide the purpose. Fourth grade.
- FCAT Explorer is a four slide overview of author’s purposes.
- Woodland K12 Author’s Purpose Slideshow has 19 slides, pretty colors and lots of practice slides.
- Author Stream Author’s Purpose Slideshow has 15 slides with four types of author’s purposes, facts and opinions and examples of media besides passages that have purposes like book reviews, magazine ads, etc. There is a cute bunny on almost every slide so it’s definitely geared towards younger students.
- AlgebraLab Author’s Purpose has a nice chart of type of text, author’s purpose, and tone/mood.