Speaker, narrator and point of view
Common core standards
- Grade 1 Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.1.6
- Grade 2 Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.2.6
- Grade 3 Distinguish their own point of view from that of the narrator or those of the characters CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.3.6
- Grade 4 Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.4.6
- Grade 5 Describe how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.5.6
- Grade 6 Explain how an author develops the point of view of the narrator or speaker in a text CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.6
- Grade 7 Analyze how an author develops and contrasts the points of view of different characters or narrators in a text CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
- Grade 8 Analyze how differences in the points of view of the characters and the audience or reader (e.g., created through the use of dramatic irony) create such effects as suspense or humor CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
- Grade 9-10 Analyze a particular point of view or cultural experience reflected in a work of literature from outside the United States, drawing on a wide reading of world literature CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.6
- Grade 11-12 Analyze a case in which grasping a point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement) CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6
There are two meaning of point of view.
- The most basic one is this, “The perspective from which a story is told to the reader (i.e. first person).” 
- Points of view, from this definition include first person, second person, third person limited and third person omniscient.
- The other definition of point of view is more complex, “point of view refers to how a person or character looks at, or views, an object or a situation.” .
- This definition is what we are talking about when we tell kids to try to take someone else’s point of view. Both are important to teach students, so resources for both are included here. Please add more resources as you find them!
- Somers K12 Graphic Organizer has students list the viewpoint, actions and beliefs of characters.
- Jenny on ProTeacher has a fun, introductory activity. She finds an object that looks different from different view points and has students circle it and draw it. They then compare the drawings to see how they differ.
- Sharon Morris on ReadWriteThink has created an upper elementary lesson using Two Bad Ants. Students read the story and compare and contrast an ant’s point of view with ours. This makes a good concrete bridge into points of view for students. Other books that could be used with this lesson include “Diary of a Worm” and “Diary of a Spider” or any clips from the movie “Honey I shrunk the kids.”
- Teach Peace Now Point of View has a nice introductory activity for a variety of grade levels. The lesson starts with the story of the “Six Blind Men and the Elephant,” which is incredibly short. Basically, the guys walk away having no idea what an elephant is like because each was stuck in their own point of view. The lesson plan includes a worksheet and questions that steer the students towards recognizing that there is more than one “right” point of view on almost anything.
- Teachable Moments Elementary Point of View is geared at helping students with conflict resolution. The two activities also work well for literature. The first activity has students look at optical illusions and discuss what they see. The second activity is role plays where each character has their own point of view. The role plays focus on things like a kid who doesn’t want to clean his room and a mom who wants him to, so they are super appropriate.
- Explore Point of View in Fairy Tales is a great lesson on points of view for 5th-8th grades. Students read two versions each of several fairy tales—one traditional and one fractured. Then they discuss how the point of view changes and how that effects the way you feel about the story and view the characters. The lesson plan includes a link to fractured fairy tales online, a hand out of questions to get students thinking about the point of view, and an interactive tool that lets students create their own fractured fairy tales.
- Laurie Henrie’s ReadWriteThink Lesson on Point of View for middle school has several excellent activities. First, she does a fractured fairy tale exercise with Venn Diagrams to compare the points of view. The second part is the awesome one. She wrote her own story called the house that could be narrated by either a robber or a real estate agent. The students are divided into two groups and assigned one of those two roles. They don’t know what the other group was assigned. As they listen, the groups take notes on the house. At the end, the two groups compare their lists and try to guess the role of the other group.
- Political Cartoons Point of View is a lesson that looks at political cartoons about the Stamp Act and has the students figure out the point of view of the creators of each. Although the impressive oldness of the cartoons makes them appropriate for only older students, you could use more recent political cartoons to broaden the lesson. Kids Learn has links to several sites with political cartoons and Newspapers in Education has some great resources as well.
- Flocabulary Mos Def Point of View Lesson Plan teaches point of view and setting through Mos Def’s song, “Habitat.” You can listen to the song on YouTube.
- National Geographic has several lessons on point of view in news articles. This lesson also ties in with Author’s purpose as it focuses on reading articles, summarizing them, determining the author’s purpose, and trying to figure out his or her point of view.
- Have students rewrite brief passages with a different point of view. Either have them switch from first person to third person or have them shift who is doing the narration.
- Microsoft has a grade 5 and up lesson plan on teaching point of view and perspective using books and aerial photographs. Who knew Microsoft was writing lessons?
Cyber games and activities
|Studyzone ELA 4 Point of View presents a brief overview of first and third person narration and then has students practice identifying the point of view for the 4th grade.|
|Super teacher jeopardy is a POV game with categories of identifying the POV, subjective or objective, and perspective in the point of view. The scoring system doesn't seem to work but you can keep score on a whiteboard or something.|
|Quia Rags to Riches has questions with answers such as "third person expository" and "third person omniscient". Definitely for upper grades!|
- EReading Worksheet 1 has students read a passage and then decide if it’s being told from first person, second person or third person. If it’s being told in third person, the student has to answer more questions about how much the narrator knows and their involvement in the story.
- EReading Worksheet 2 has students read a passage and then decide if it’s being told from first person, second person or third person. If it’s being told in third person, the student has to answer more questions about how much the narrator knows and their involvement in the story.
- EReading Worksheet 3 has students read a passage, state the narrator and state how they know.
- EReading Worksheet 4 has students read a passage, state the narrator and state how they know.
- EReading Worksheets 5 has the student’s state the narrator but not how they know.
- Mrshatzi Point of View has students read short passages from books and then state if the narration is first person, second person, etc. In addition they have to decide if statements are facts or opinions.
- This 3-4th grade worksheet has students identify the pronouns that go with each narrator point of view and use them in sentences.
|The True Story of the 3 Little Pigs is a cute, narrated version of The True Story of the 3 Little Pigs . If you haven't read it, this story tells the story of the 3 Little Pigs from the wolf's point of view. A great intro to point of view! True Story of Jack and the Beanstalk is a similar take on that story-- though not as well done of a video. Still makes the same point though!|
|3 Little Pigs is a rap version of the original story, if you wanted a contrast to the wolf's version. The 3 Little wolves and the 3 big pigs is another twisted version.|
|Points of View in Literature is a narrated slide show with video clips. It starts boring, but then has a video of an Edgar Allen Poe clip (Tell Tale Heart starts at 2:30) to look at the reliability of the narrator. Then it goes back to being dry-- but that clip at 2:30 is EXCELLENT for looking at narrator reliability.|
|Point of View and Narrator's Perspective is a narrated slide show. VERY dry but informative.|
|Narrative Point of View has a teacher illustrated as he draws cartoons to explain point of view and narration. The voice over is pretty dry, but the drawings are cool. It was made for a 9th grade class.|
- EReading Worksheet Point of View PowerPoint is a so-so introduction to first person, second person, and third person narration with some practice at the end.
- Point of View, Motivation, Traits and Feelings Lesson is a nice slideshow that looks at how our feeling, character traits and motivations effect our point of view. The slide show has lots of pictures and very little text which makes it easy to digest. They also have a posttest for the lesson.
- Write Now Point of View is a nice handout on first person, second person, third person omniscient and third person limited narration.